Spirits, or distilled alcoholic beverages, are made from fermented grain mash or fermented fruit juice. The process of distillation hasn’t changed since the 8th Century and refers to the mash or juice being heated, at which point, vapours of alcohol are given off. Distillers collect the vapours and cool them to form liquid. The resulting flavour depends on the kind of grain and how much of it is used, as well as incorporated fruits or yeast. Fermentation, distillation and the ageing process also affect the final flavour of the spirit. The term ‘proof’ determines the amount of alcoholic percentage of a particular beverage.
Types of spirits include whisky, vodka, gin, tequila and rum.